The Tigris and Euphrates, with their tributaries, form a major river system in Western Asia. Hammurabi created nearly 300 laws known as Hammurabi's Code of Laws, the old known legal system based on the concept of "an eye for an eye, a tooth for a tooth". Mythology is a component of religion which often continues to be told and flourish long after the religion is dead (Mesopotamian mythology is a case in point here). The gods’ wishes were interpreted by priests and kings, known as “ensi,” who gained access to divine power and responsibility by marrying their god’s priestesses. 20 seconds . Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. indiah3750. For webquest or practice, print a copy of this quiz at the Ancient Mesopotamia - Religion and Gods webquest print page. A group of people who conquered the Sumerians. They also believed that water was everywhere, the top, bottom and sides, and that the universe was born from this enormous sea. Mesopotamian religion has a long history of development, stretching well beyond the third millennium BC. Start studying Mesopotamia. Although Anu was an important Mesopotamian god, archeologists have yet to find a picture of him. This man survived the flood in "Gilgamesh." Test. These waters separated into two distinct principles: the male principle, Apsu, which was fresh water and the female principle, Tiamat, salt water. Start studying Mesopotamian Religion. However, religion co0vers so much more than mythology, it includes teachings on morality, on the structure of … Ancient Mesopotamian religion was the first recorded. Mesopotamian religion was polytheistic, worshipping over 2,100 different deities, many of which were associated with a specific state within Mesopotamia, such as Sumer, Akkad, Assyria or Babylonia, or a specific Mesopotamian city, such as; , Nineveh, Ur, Nippur, Arbela, Harran, Uruk, Ebla, Kish, Eridu, Isin, Larsa, Sippar, Gasur, Ekallatum, Til Barsip, Mari, Adab, Eshnunna and Babylon. STUDY. The peoples of Mesopotamia originally consisted of two peoples, the Semitic Akkadians and the Sumerians. One of the first urban civilizations, name given by the Akkadians, called themselves the black headed people, main city was Uruk, and invented Cuneiform. Mesopotamians believed that the world was a flat disc, surrounded by a huge, holed space, and above that, heaven. First pictographic then changed into alphabetic, Akkadian, Babylonians, Assyrians, Chaldeans ( biblical Babylonians, Persian Empire, Sumerian Goddess, fertility female goddess, Father of the jewish people; from the city of Ur, Akkadian King, left in a basket on the river, picked up by kingsmen and turned into a king, Combined mercy and mitigation with punishment, Shamash responsible for overseeing administration of the law, Humans originally made of clay and created to relieve gods of manual labor,travel to the afterlife was dangerous, After life was a shadowy, semi conscious state, Enjoy the pleasures of life as long as it last. A legendary Sumerian king who was the hero of an epic collection of mythic stories. The Mesopotamian gods bore many similarities with humans, and were anthropomorphic, thereby having humanoid form. In addition, Mesopotamian religion was polytheistic. Start studying Mesopotamian Religion. They worshipped the forces of nature like the sun, rain, moon and stars. Top Answer. Mesopotamian religion was the first to be recorded. Start studying Ancient Mesopotamia. They constituted, as it were, a landed nobility, each god owning and working an estate—his temple and its lands—and controlling the city in which it was located. She was also a representation of the crafts of war and combat. Gravity. Wiki User Answered . Image Credit: pinterest According to all Mesopotamian religion facts written ever, the goddess Ishtar or Inannawas one of the most prominent deities worshiped by Babylonians as well as Sumerians. The Mesopotamians believed in many gods. Different cities in Mesopotamia would have their own gods closely associated with those cities that would have temples dedicated to those gods, not unlike ancient Greece. answer choices . The Sumerian gods often had human characteristics in that they were sometimes good and sometimes bad. Every city had its own special god. What is the Mesopotamian religion called? Asshur also their main god. Asked by Wiki User. From the union of these two pri… Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. He created the world's first empire, lasting for about another 200 years before it declined due to internal fighting, invasions, and famine. Sumerian religion was the religion practiced and adhered to by the people of Sumer, the first literate civilization of ancient Mesopotamia.The Sumerians regarded their divinities as responsible for all matters pertaining to the natural and social orders. Ethnic group that settled in what is now Iran. Q. Flashcards. Temples built by Sumerians to honor the gods and goddesses they worshipped. Mesopotamians were polytheistic; they worshipped several major gods and thousands of minor gods. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. SURVEY . 2012-09-11 22:00:52 2012-09-11 22:00:52. Write. In general, the history of Mesopotamian religion can be divided into four phases. 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